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Circle of Insight
JSWE, Journal of Social Work Education

"The Circle of Insight invites us first to see, to probe and examine, as a reporter or detective trying to ascertain all of the facts, the stories of persons and organizations struggling against injustice.... 


For social work and social justice educators, phase one, seeing, necessarily invites phase two, critical reflection consistent with the ethics and values of our profession, and examination of the principles undergirding the stories of the justice and peace practitioners with whom we are in dialogue.... 


The third phase of the Circle of Insight invites us to consider, and move to, appropriate action — to make choices and live in a way that might bring deeper, more lasting peace, justice and liberation. This action must necessarily be informed by, and grow out of, the previous two phases of the cycle" (Nicotera, 2018).

Click image to view : Nicotera, A. (2018). Teaching note—circle of insight: A paradigm and pedagogy for liberation social justice social work education. Journal of Social Work Education, DOI: 10.1080/10437797.2017.1350232.

Dr. Robin Mama, Dean, Monmouth University School of Social Work, emphasizes the importance of

the Circle of Insight's ongoing, engaged, reflection, critical thinking, and action process.

Dr. Lynn Videka, Dean, University of Michigan School of Social Work, emphasizes awareness and reflection,

as well as the experiential aspects of the Circle of Insight process over time.

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